The lost horizons of Sikkim

Classic Sikkim view: rhododendrons, mountains, mist

Immersed in the mountains of Sikkim

I left Darjeeling for Sikkim thinking I could visit Gangtok and Pelling in three days. They are only about 130 kms apart. Sometimes, it is hard to leave Canada-brain behind: in Canada, that would take about an hour-and-a-half. In Sikkim, it takes most of the day. The roads are so narrow, so windy,  so bumpy and at such an incline (either up or down) that you have to drive very slowly. So, three-quarters of the way to Gangtok, I had to decide where I would spend my three days in Sikkim, and I chose Pelling. This added many difficult hours of driving to my trip, more so for my wonderful guide (Paras) and driver (Ashok). It was very sporting of them to not only agree to this abrupt change of plans, but to encourage it: they wanted me to have the best possible experience in Sikkim, and they felt Pelling would be a better choice. These guys from Help Tourism are true professionals; I cannot speak highly enough about them. You can also learn more by visiting Sikkim Tourism.

welcome to Sikkim


While Gangtok is the capital city of Sikkim, I chose to go to Pelling because it is a small town surrounded by historic ruins, important monasteries, authentic villages and of course the mountains, especially Kanchendzonga, the world’s third highest. Sikkim seems to be an entirely mountainous state, and it is one of the smallest of India’s 28 states. It is also one of the newest. Until the mid-1970s, Sikkim was an independent mountain kingdom, ruled by a Buddhist King. How it came to be part of India is a controversial subject that still stirs up feelings. The book about the modern history of Sikkim and its annexation by India is called “Smash and Grab,” which gives you some idea about how some people think about it.

women from Darap Village

I knew next to nothing about Sikkim before going, so it was a real adventure in many ways. I knew only that it was supposed to be beautiful (it is) and mystical. The massive massif Kanchendzonga is its presiding deity. It houses five gods (one for each peak) and provides both spiritual and physical protection: no invading army could ever scale it. Pelling just happens to be the best spot to see Kanchendzonga, as it is only 43 kms away. But that is only if the mountain decides to show itself to you. I was blessed with seeing it in Darjeeling on my birthday, but, alas, not while in Sikkim. Though absolutely enormous both in height and width, the mountain in also elusive. It hides behind thick swirls of mist and cloud. This is probably one of the reasons it has gained such a mystical reputation. You feel like you can practically reach out and touch it, but you can’t see it! It’s maddening … and it quickens the soul and is of course a great teacher of the eastern spiritual values: patience, respect, acceptance and faith in the divine plan.

Pemayangtse Temple

I made some quick notes while I was driving through Sikkim. Sikkim is:

  • masses of red rhododendrons
  • bananas trees by the side of the road
  • lean handsome people
  • short people carrying huge bundles on their heads: twigs, leaves, wood, boxes
  • terraced rice paddies
  • bamboo groves
  • chickens wandering everywhere

And of course ribbon-like roads winding around graceful mountains, deep valleys with thin rivers that will fill to torrents during monsoon and clouds of thick mist obscuring mountain tops and views. It’s a lovely place, very gentle, and the people seem gentle too.

Yapu Yongda

My first morning in Pelling I went immediately to the Pemayangtse Monastery, which is considered a very old and very important Buddhist monastery. I went for two reasons: one was to see the monastery itself, of course, and the other was to meet Yapu Yongda, a highly regarded Buddhist monk with a colourful past who opened a school in Pelling to teach children both general subjects and Buddhism.

The temple is extraordinary, but as usual I wasn’t allowed to take pictures inside. Huge murals of fierce looking gods cover the walls and upstairs there’s a painted sculpture of the various levels of heaven that is considered a masterpiece. In this room, gentler, more playful murals adorn the walls — and several erotic paintings are covered by silk yellow curtains. The day I was there, the only other visitor was a German woman who whispered to me: “Look behind the yellow curtain.” I was a bit afraid, to tell you the truth, until I saw the lovely, LOVING images. Then I was delighted!

Ancient Hindu temples are also often adorned with erotic images, usually in stone, so it seems that puritanism is a more recent trend (and ultimately very destructive, to my mind).

class at Yongda’s school DPC

Yapu Yongda, 66, lives behind the monastery in an ancestral home. I believe he comes from an illustrious family. He was in charge of the Chogyal (King) of Sikkim’s personal bodyguard until the monarchy was dissolved in 1975 when Sikkim became part of India. At that time he was imprisoned briefly for his anti-India stance. Now he lives in Pelling where he seems to keep very busy with his duties as a monk at the monastery and running the DPC School that he founded 30 years ago.

I interviewed him on tape twice, for about three hours in total — he is a great talker — and I learned a lot about the history of Buddhism in Sikkim and the takeover of the country by India. I was really moved when he told me that the Chogyal, Palden Thondup Namgyal, decided not to resist the takeover because it would have been against his Buddhist principles of doing no harm. It must have been a difficult decision for the Chogyal to take. Among other things, he lost his American wife Hope Cooke, who moved back to the U.S. with their children for safety reasons. Some years later, the Chogyal went to the U.S. for cancer treatment but died there at the age of 59. There are pictures of this handsome, thoughtful man in Yapu Yongda’s office, and I felt very moved by his plight.

building that houses the great drum

Penyangtse Temple building

In the afternoon I went to Rabdentse, the ruins of the former palace of the Chogyals of Sikkim. They reigned from this small mountain top site, with an amazing vista (if only the mists would clear!!) until the middle of the 19th century, when the capital was moved to Gangtok.  The best part about this site was the long walk through the woods to get there.

forest walk to Rabdentse

On my second day in Pelling, Sikkim Tourism finally sent me a guide, and he was terrific. Manoj is a young, recently married Sikkimese man who lives in Pelling and is very enthusiastic about Sikkim. His passion, more than his knowledge, makes him a good guide. Manoj and I walked waaayyy up a mountain outside of Pelling to visit another monastery — but we turned back before reaching the top. I was recovering from the effects of drinking bad water at my hotel and not used to the high elevation. But the view from near the top was amazing. Or it would have been if it was just a tad less misty!

road up to monastery

After tea with Manoj’s beautiful wife and Mother in their very small one-room apartment in town, we drove to Darap Village, about 8 kms from Pelling. There we were met by Shiva Gurung, a man who runs an authentic Lepcha homestay — called Dara Gaon Village Retreat — with two rooms, and he walked through the village with us, as our guide. Darap is a small rural community in a peaceful valley ringed by gorgeous mountains. The small wooden houses are painted in shades of yellow, pink and turquoise, children and farm animals play in the open fields and the whole places seemed quite idyllic to me.

On our walk, Manoj and Shiva told me about a local religion called Yuma that was making a comeback; and pointed out houses that had the Yuma flag (each with a small shrine at the base). They wanted to know if I wanted to meet the “Yuma,” the main priestess — who apparently never meets foreigners or tourists. I leapt at the chance.

Shiva took us to a simple house on the edge of town. First we had to take off everything made of leather and leave it outside, with our shoes. Then we had to wash our hands and finally we were escorted through a low door into a small dim room. The room was almost empty except for a white wood cabinet and large chair. My heart leapt when I walked in and saw a vision in white sitting on the chair: an astonishingly beautiful, very slim, light-skinned young woman with Asian features. She looked like one of the paintings I had seen in Ajanta. She was in a meditation posture, very still and she seemed light, ethereal and almost translucent.

receiving a blessing from the Yuma

I felt like I had walked through a portal into an altered state. The room had a calm, sacred energy that was quite unlike anything I have ever experienced. Shiva, Manoj and I were instructed by a woman who was also in the tiny room to sit a certain way on the ground with our legs crossed under us. After praying together, the Yuma allowed me to interview her on tape and take pictures — which I felt was very generous of her. Manoj translated her simple, straightforward answers. She told me that she only eats fruit, and I asked her if eating fruit only would help cure my ongoing digestive problems,. She said she would bless me, and said some prayers over me using leaves, water and rice; and then gave me the rice and told me to eat nine grains whenever I feel unwell. After about 20 minutes I felt I had asked enough questions and we left.

Without going into too much detail, the main teaching of Yuma is that you must know yourself, especially your own heart, to reach the bliss state or heaven. It makes sense to me. Perhaps in another blog I will explain more about this intriguing religion and about the young woman herself. When I left they gave me a CD with some teachings on it, but I haven’t listened to it yet and I don’t even know what language it is in. (They speak Nepali in Sikkim.)

homestay in Darap Village

From there we went to the homestay, where Shiva’s wife made us soup and tea and our driver, Jiten, drew pictures with their young son. It’s a simple place, very clean and very peaceful. I didn’t stay there, but I feel I can recommend it based on my experience and on how warm and welcoming Shiva and his wife are. I can imagine that it would make a great place to stay for a few days to experience village life and as a base for treks.

I called these people “walking trees,” much to their delight

The entire three days I was in Pelling, I had one eye fixed continuously on the western horizon. This is where Kanchendzonga, the world’s third highest mountain is supposed to be — and only 43 kms away, apparently. It never appeared from behind the mist and cloud, though occasionally I felt I could discern the white outline of five majestic peaks. I do, however, admit it could have been my longing and my imagination.

Humans are alone among animals for making meaning, and I have decided that I am meant to go back to Shangri La — I mean Sikkim — to see this mystical mirage, this deity, this mountain. But next time, I will not be on a fixed timeline, and I will not depend on Sikkim Tourism, who I found to be unhelpful and unreliable. I will find a quiet place to stay in or near Pelling, or maybe Yaksom, and I will stay until the mountain blesses me with its appearance.

[DISCLOSURE NOTE:  While in Sikkim, I was a guest of IndiaTourism. But as always, views expressed are my own and are in no way influenced by accepting a press trip. I will not compromise the editorial integrity of Breathedreamgo.]

peer closely, you may see Kanchendzonga through the mist (this was taken from my hotel, which on a good day would have a stunning view of the mountain

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12 Responses to The lost horizons of Sikkim

  1. Jess March 25, 2010 at 1:28 am #

    Amazing! I already have plans to get up to Darjeeling I am now looking into getting up to Sikkim. I can’t wait to experience the beautiful culture there. Do you have any advice on specifics as far as transportation or places to stay?
    Thanks for the great post

  2. Mariellen March 25, 2010 at 1:42 am #

    Thanks, Jess, Sikkim really is amazing. Very unspoilt and absolutely gorgeous. I would contact Help Tourism (there’s a link to their site in my blog). They are experts on Sikkim and the north-east, and leaders in eco and community tourism. They even have their own eco resorts. Neora Valley Jungla Camp was highly recommended to me.


  3. Niranjana March 25, 2010 at 2:08 pm #

    Lovely post, Mariellen!
    Northeast India gets such little attention from the central government or from the media, and while this is indeed a problem, it also seems to have worked in the region’s favor–so glad to hear that the place is unspoilt.

  4. Krista March 26, 2010 at 12:24 pm #

    Thanks for yet another terrific view of India.
    She is beckoning me to return asap!

  5. chrissy April 7, 2010 at 3:51 pm #


    i love the photos in this blog lemon 🙂 great.


  6. Dianne April 12, 2010 at 3:27 am #

    Hey great post M! I was invited to travel to Sikkim with Rocket Baba last week and was seriously tempted! Still, Almora has been calling for longer but now Sikkim is the next new place and adventure

  7. Marie July 19, 2010 at 1:34 am #

    It’s hard to believe that it has been 13 years since I was in Sikkim and it’s rare that I find someone else that has been there. I really enjoyed reading this a reliving those memories. Thank you!

    Incidentally, I’ve been enjoying other posts on your blog,too. Your blog has a great feeling to it:-)

  8. Manoj Chettri October 20, 2010 at 3:08 am #

    Dear Madam,

    Thank you very much for your article.. i will definately pass it to the Yuma ( priestess ) and also to Shiva the guys with the home stay.

    I would be very happy to be your Guide in future, when ever you come to our beautiful state. Thank yo once again for your insight.

    Manoj Chettri

  9. Mariellen July 25, 2011 at 8:13 pm #

    Thanks for visiting Manoj! I would definitely look you up if I go back to Sikkim. Really enjoyed our walk in the village and into the mountains.

  10. Gaurav Bhatnagar July 24, 2013 at 8:11 am #

    Dear Mariellen. I am going to Sikkim in August and it was a pleasure to read your post. I am all the more excited now.

  11. alex paikada May 29, 2014 at 7:04 am #

    Dear Mariellen,
    I read your experience with an avid curiosity. Memories of Sikkim remain etched deep in me and they are exquisitely painful. For many years I had been a teacher at DPCA and Yapu Yongda (Captain S. Yongda) was somebody very dear to me. Long long years have come to pass since then.
    Thank you for helping me revisit my yesteryears and ponderously brood on those places faces and events. My experiences in Sikkim helped me author a novel- Such Stuff We are Made of. indeed there is much more to Sikkim than meets the eye.

  12. Anchal May 29, 2015 at 2:22 am #

    Hi Mariellen,
    Read your articles on Darjeeling and Sikkim. I am leaving for a 6 day vacation to Darjeeling-Pelling -Gangtok in a few days and now I am all the more excited.

    Keep posting your wonderful experiences. 🙂


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